Which people bait pets in these days which is their fervor. If their pets have any health’s problem so they should follow this rule before You Fret, Get Your Pet To The Vet. Humans are not the only ones that need occasional medical examinations, dental work, vaccinations, and surgery – our pets need them, too. It is wise to give our new pets examinations to make sure they are in good health.
As well, we must be sure that all of our pets receive regular screenings, especially as they age, have their teeth cleaned, and, occasionally have surgery performed in them to bring about a correction or healing in their precious little (and not so little) bodies.
And where does this happen? Not at a pet store but at a veterinarians office. Vets are the 5-tool athlete of doctors because of the breadth of their diagnostic, treatment, and surgical abilities with all kinds of animals. In fact, if you watch Seinfeld you would understand why Kramer would only choose to go to a vet and not a human doctor. “I’ll take a vet over an M.D. any day. They have to be able to cure a lizard, a chicken, a frog, and a pig all on the same day.”
As we see in many other areas of medicine, and technology in general, there have been tremendous improvements in instruments and procedures in the last few decades. Following is a brief discussion on the essential aspects of a typical animal veterinary medicine.
This is not intended to explicitly address every new technology or procedure, nor to provide a historical review of each area, but to provide an overview so that the pet- or livestock owner will attain a basic understanding of where modern practices for the following exist: comprehensive veterinary examinations, diagnostic testing, dental work, vaccinations, and surgery.
Comprehensive Veterinary Exams
Comprehensive Veterinary Examinations (CVE) is typically a systematic approach towards examining a pet or a domestic livestock animal that allow the vet to make an informed judgment on the health of the animal. Examinations are essential because animals age much faster than we do. Humans might think to get a physical once a year is too much, but this mindset runs counter to the animal they may possess.
Exams for puppies, kittens, and other newborns are important in determining if any birth defects exist, development problems, or if any life-threatening parasites are in their system, or diseases are present.
The animal examination matures with the animal. Weight issues, diet, appetite, and activity levels, as well as joint, dental and eyesight, become areas of concern.
CVE’s include respiratory, musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiovascular, genital/urinary, skin, coat, and special senses (eyes, ears, nose, and mouth. Examinations are given in anatomical order, usually from head to tail unless a specific area is evident that needs to be examined first.
Veterinary Diagnostic Testing
No matter how experienced your vet is, they need the assistance of first-rate diagnostic tools to be able to fully comprehend the health of your animal. If the animal is unhealthy, sick, or wounded, excellent diagnostic testing will allow the vet to be able to gauge what needs to be done to bring your livestock or pet back to full health. Obviously your livestock or pet is incapable of telling you where “it hurts,” so diagnostics helps them determine where and what is ailing.
Following are some of the diagnostic work that your vet could perform on your pet or livestock:
- Skin and ear cytology
- Blood work and blood pressure
- Culture and sensitivity
- Fungal cultures
- Fluorescein dye staining that allows them to look for cornea scratches
- Pulse oximetry
Many vets are able to perform lab work right on-premises while at other times they need to send off culture and evidence to a special facility that caters to examining the diagnostic work. Of course, there are additional fees for this work. Once the work comes back and it is determined that your pet or livestock is in need of a specialist, if your vet’s staff does not include someone of that training, then they will refer you to someone who will be able to do so.
Dental Health and Animals
Who hasn’t experienced a whiff of dog breath at some time in their life and wished you could give them a Binaca Blast? Animal breath is never sweet and almost always unpleasant. But dental examinations for your pet or livestock is more than about cleaning the teeth and curing bad breath. Most people do not realize that dental problems in a pet can be tied directly to lung, heart, and kidney diseases.
A study by the American Animal Hospital Association revealed that two-thirds of all pet owners neglect to have their pet’s teeth cleaned during their lifetimes. This leads to all kinds of health problems, as listed above. Clean teeth may be a factor in prolonging the life of the pet or livestock animal.
Plaque attaches to the teeth like to does in humans, causing a periodontal problem because it hosts bacteria harmful to the animal. The bacteria dies and hardens when mixed with the calcium in the animals’ saliva. This then attracts more plaque which then spreads and gets under gum lines, and the worst begins to occur as inflammation leads to tooth decay and more.
Anesthesia monitoring, x-rays, scaling and polishing, and fluoride sealants can be done in the veterinarian’s office and should be done on a regular basis.
Without a doubt, vaccines have saved untold millions and millions of lives over the last century and a half. It has done the same for animals. Immunizations were essentially unheard of before 1880 when one was developed for cholera for humans, though the very first immunization was for smallpox in 1796. After 1870, advances kept coming as scientists began to understand how diseases were stopped in conjunction with the immune system. The same understanding was applied to veterinary medicine.
Diseases such as canine distemper, feline leukemia, and equine tetanus have been greatly reduced as a result of vaccination development. Though animal vaccination does not undergo the same rigorous testing that human vaccinations do, the U.S. Department of Agriculture does study what is being brought to market before it is released.
There is still much for science to understand regarding animal vaccination, but it is suggested that pets be given shots once a year.
No pet or livestock owner likes to see their animal suffer, so at times it is necessary for the dog, cat, or bovine to go under the knife and have corrective and healing veterinary surgery performed. Standards of care for animal surgery are regulated by the federal government and may vary according to the species.
If your vet suggests surgery it will most likely be either major or minor surgery, though there are other classifications that are “survival” or, “non-survival” surgeries. For this discussion, we will look at only major and minor ones.
You may want to ask the vet if the type of surgery he or she is recommending is common, if it will need a specialist, require special equipment (like tiny little instruments for a squirrel you may have accidentally run over), what the outcome might be for the pet, and if after-care would be necessary.
Major surgeries may include: removing organs, significantly altering normal anatomy, entering a cavity in the body, and extensive resection.
Minor surgeries may include: this involves any operative procedure in which only skin, mucous membrane, and/or connective tissue is resected.
Each surgery will require anesthesia and a period of rest and healing afterward.